Perception of the outside world; through eyes, ears, nose, skin
Edges, curves, textures, forces, vibrations, motions
Perception of internal sensation (pain, hunger, movement of internal organs)
Joint Position Sense (JPS):
Kinaesthetics: The study of body motion, and of the perception (both conscious and unconscious) of one’s own body motions. The perception of continuous movement (kinesthesia) is largely unconscious. A conscious proprioception is achieved through increased awareness. Kinaesthetics involves the teaching and personal development of such awareness.
Kinesthesia: ( also called movement threshold, and called joint motion detection), awareness of position and movement of parts of body through use of proprioceptors Behavioral – use of proprioceptors. Muscle memory. Hand-eye coordination. Focuses on body position and movements of body parts, exclusive of equilibrium/balance
Perception of movement, and balance, from muscle, tendon and articular sources (joints) Physiologic feedback mechanism. Literally “one’s own perception”. Cognitive – awareness of propriocepters “The sense of the relative position of neighboring parts of the body and the strength of effort being employed in movement.” (Mosby’s Medical, Nursing and Allied Health Dictionary, 4th ed) Coordination and balance training (often designated as proprioceptive training)
Sensory Receptors: cover the skin and epithelia, skeletal muscles, bones and joints, internal organs, and the cardiovascular system.
Tinnitus: Ringing in the ears